1882 - 1967

    Header Photo: Low resolution detail from the majestic still silence of Early Sunday Morning (1930) by Edward Hopper.

    © Estate of Edward Hopper.


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    Edward Hopper
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    Chronology [1882 - 1967]


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    July 22, Edward Hopper born in Nyack, New York, son of Garret Henry Hopper and Elizabeth Griffiths Smith Hopper, initially attends a private school and then the local public school, Nyack High School.

    With his parents’ support, studies illustration at the Correspondence School of Illustrating.

    New York School of Art, studies illustration with Arthur Keller and Frank Vincent DuMond, then painting under Robert Henri, William Merritt Chase, and Kenneth Hayes Miller. Painted [Solitary Figure in a Theatre].

    Employed as an illustrator by C. C. Phillips & Company, a New York advertising agency.

    Visits Paris, painting city streets in an Impressionist manner and watercolour caricatures.

    Participates in his first exhibition, organised by fifteen of Robert Henri’s students in the old Harmonie Club building, 43-45 West Forty-second Street, New York.

    Visits Paris twice, painting out-of-doors along the Seine frequently.

    During winter exhibits in the International Exhibition, the Armory Show and sold his first canvas there, Sailing 1911. Moves to top-floor studio at 3 Washington Square North, New York, where he lived until his death.

    Learns to etch and concentrates on printmaking, producing an outstanding array of etchings and drypoints. Including: American Landscape 1920.

    Solo exhibition of paintings, principally of his Paris years at the Whitney Studio Club, New York. None of the paintings sell, and at thirty-seven, still dependent on commercial illustration to earn his living, Hopper begins to doubt whether he will achieve success as an artist.

    Begins to paint with watercolours, one is bought by the Brooklyn Museum. Awarded prizes for etching in exhibitions in Chicago and Los Angeles. Exhibits at National Arts Club, New York, in the Humorist’s Exhibition.

    Marries the painter, Josephine Verstille Nivison. Approaches Frank Rehn who offers him his first solo exhibition at a commercial gallery; all eleven paintings sell and five more are sold from the back room, enabling Hopper to give up commercial illustration work and encouraging him to paint in oils again.

    Exhibits at the Pennsylvania Academy in Philadelphia, they purchase an oil painting. Visits Santa Fe, New Mexico, where he paints seven watercolours.

    Paints Automat. With sale of Two on the Aisle for 1,500 dollars buys first automobile, a two-year-old Dodge. He is able to paint in remote places in both Ogunquit and Gloucester.

    Included in MoMA’s second exhibition, Paintings by Nineteen Living Americans.

    Paints Early Sunday Morning. During the summer, Hopper and his wife rent “Bird Cage Cottage” in South Truro, Massachusetts on Cape Cod.

    At age of fifty-one, receives his first large-scale solo exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art, New York. Exhibits twenty-five oils, thirty-seven watercolours and eleven prints.

    In July Hopper and his wife move into the studio/house that he has designed in South Truro (where they spent most of their successive summers).

    Paints House at Dusk. Awarded Temple Gold Medal, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts and the First Purchase Prize in watercolour, Worchester Art.

    Paints Office at Night.

    Paints Nighthawks, purchased by the Art Institute of Chicago, and is an overnight success, becoming signature work for Hopper and an iconic American image.

    Awarded Logan Art Institute Medal and Honorarium, The Art Institute of Chicago.

    Retrospective at the Whitney Museum of American Art, touring to the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston and the Detroit Institute of Arts. Awarded honorary degree, Doctor of Fine Arts, by the Art Institute of Chicago. Paints Cape Cod Morning.

    Hopper was one of four artists chosen by the American Federation of Arts to represent the United States in the Venice Biennale. Paints Morning Sun.

    Awarded Honorary degree, Doctor of Letters, Rutgers University. The Metropolitan Museum, about to open new American wing, purchases Office in a Small City.

    Gold Medal for Painting presented by the National Institute of Arts and Letters in the name of the American Academy of Arts and Letters.

    Awarded Huntington Hartford Foundation fellowship and stays at foundation’s headquarters in Pacific Palisades, California for six months.

    Solo exhibition at Currier Gallery of Art, tours to Rhode Island School of Design in December and Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, Connecticut.

    Receives Art in America Annual Award. Paints Second Story Sunlight.

    October-November, The Complete Graphic Work of Edward Hopper, runs at Philadelphia Museum of Art.

    Receives award from the St Botolph Club, Boston. Retrospective Exhibition at the Arizona Art Gallery, in South Truro. Paints Sun in an Empty Room.

    May, protracted illness keeps Hopper from painting. Awarded M. V. Khonstamn Prize for Painting, The Art Institute of Chicago. September-November, major Retrospective Exhibition at the Whitney Museum of American Art, which travels to the Art Institute of Chicago and is well received by critics.

    Retrospective tours to the Detroit Institute of Arts and the City Art Museum of St Louis. Awarded honorary degree, Doctor of Fine Arts, Philadelphia College of Art. July 16, death of Hopper’s sister Marion in Nyack, New York. Paints final work Two Comedians.

    Awarded Edward MacDowell Medal.

    May 15, Edward Hopper dies in his studio at 3 Washington Square North.

    Jo Hopper dies on 6 March.

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