2nd World War History ~ Key Players

Objectives: To look into the backgrounds of as many of the key players in the Second World War as time permits. To try to convey the history of the 2nd World War in a concise and easy - to - read way as possible and how such War Crimes came about and the men responsible for those War Crimes.

Header Photo: Josef Mengele in 1956. Photo taken by a police photographer in Buenos Aires for Mengele's Argentine identification document. It's worth noting that with the mythology of Mengele's years on the run in South America and how elusive he was, the reality is more prosaic. Up to at least 1958, some thirteen years after the end of the war, he was in the phone book in Buenos Aires so could have been traced via there.

Josef Mengele: At A Glance >> Early Life >> Education and beginning of WWII >> Auschwitz >> On the Run

Adolf Hitler >> Heinrich Himmler >> Josef Goebbels >> Triumph of the Will >> Triumph of the Will 2 Dvd >> Leni Riefenstahl >> Rudolf Hess >> Martin Bormann >> Herman Goering >> Who Helped Hermann Goering Escape The Hangman? >> Josef Mengele >> Adolf Eichman >> Irma Grese

Kristallnacht >> The Final Solution >> Auschwitz >> Nuremberg Party Rallies

Daily Mail - 2nd May 1945 >> Daily Mail - 3rd May 1945 >> Daily Mail - VE Day - It's All Over >> Scans added of the best books of Germany during the war and after incl. definitive guide on The Nuremberg Rallies - Smartphone Page >> Best 2nd World War Book Scans Added >> British War Dvds

Advertise >> 2nd World War Dvds & Books available @ amazon.com >> Search Site

Josef Mengele ~ At A Glance

SS physician at Auschwitz, notorious for pseudo-medical experiments, especially on twins and Gypsies. He "selected" new arrivals by simply pointing to the right or the left, thus separating those considered able to work from those who were not. Those too weak or too old to work were sent straight to the gas chambers, after all their possessions, including their clothes, were taken for resale in Germany. After the war, he spent some time in a British internment hospital but disappeared, went underground, escaped to Argentina, and later to Paraguay, where he became a citizen in 1959. He was hunted by Interpol, Israeli agents, and Simon Wiesenthal. In 1986, his body was found in Embu, Brazil.

Josef Mengele ~ Early Life

Born March 16, 1911 in Günzburg, Germany

Parents were Karl (1881-1959) and Walburga (d. 1946) Mengele

Two younger brothers: Karl (1912-1949) and Alois (1914-1974)

Nickname was "Beppo"

1926 diagnosed with osteomyelitis

Dr Josef Mengele
Josef Mengele

Josef Mengele ~ Education and beginning of WWII

1930 graduated from the Gymnasium

March 1931 joined the Steel Helmuts (Stahlhelm)

January 1934 SA absorbsed Stahlhelm

October 1934 left SA because of kidney trouble

1935 awarded PhD from the University of Munich

January 1, 1937 appointed a research assistant at the Third Reich Institute for Heredity, Biology, and Racial Purity at the University of Frankfurt; worked with Professor Otmar Freiherr von Vershuer

May 1937 joined the NSDAP (member #5574974)

May 1938 admitted to the SS

July 1938 awarded medical degree by University of Frankfurt

October 1938 began basic training with the Wehrmacht (lasted three months)

July 1939 married Irene Schoenbein

June 1940 joined the medical corps (Sanitätsinspektion) of the Waffen SS

August 1940 appointed an Untersturmführer

Attached to Genealogical Section of the Race and Resettlement Office in occupied Poland

June 1941 sent to the Ukraine as part of the Waffen SS; received the Iron Cross, Second Class

January 1942 joined the Waffen SS's Viking Division medical corps; earned the Iron Cross, First Class by pulling two soldiers out of a burning tank while under enemy fire; also awarded the Black Badge for the Wounded and the Medal for the Care of the German People; wounded

End of 1942 reposted to the Race and Resettlement Office, this time in its headquarters in Berlin

Appointed to Haupsturmführer (captain)

Josef Mengele ~ Auschwitz

May 30, 1943 arrived at Auschwitz

Conducted medical experiments on twins, dwarfs, giants, and many others

Seemingly constant presence and participation in the selections at the camp

Responsible for selections in the women's camp

Called "Angel of Death"

March 11, 1944 his son, Rolf, was born

Sometime middle of January 1945, he fled Auschwitz

Josef Mengele
Josef Mengele

Josef Mengele ~ On The Run

Arrived at Gross-Rosen camp; then left before Russians liberated it on February 11, 1945

Spotted at Mauthausen

Captured as prisoner of war and held in a POW camp near Munich

Received papers from fellow prisoner, Dr. Fritz Ulmann; for vanity reasons had not gotten blood type tattooed beneath arm, American Army did not realize he was a member of the SS and released him

Aliases include: Fritz Ulmann, Fritz Hollmann, Helmut Gregor, G. Helmuth, Jose Mengele, Ludwig Gregor, Wolfgang Gerhard

Remained on George Fischer's farm for three years

1949 escaped to Argentina

1954 his father came to visit him

1954 divorced from Irene

1956 had his name officially changed to Josef Mengele

1958 married his brother, Karl's, widow - Martha Mengele

June 7, 1959 West Germany issued its first arrest warrant for Mengele

1959 moved to Paraguay

1964 the Universities of Frankfurt and Munich withdrew his academic degrees

Assumed that his remains were buried in Embu, Brazil in a grave marked "Wolfgang Gerhard"

Believed to have died on February 7, 1979 on the beach at Bertioga in Embu, Brazil while suffering a stroke while swimming in the ocean.

February 1985 a public trial, in absentia, was held at Yad Vashem

In June 1985, the body in the grave was exhumed for forensic identification.

Links

Josef Mengele: At A Glance >> Early Life >> Education and beginning of WWII >> Auschwitz >> On the Run

Recommended Link ~ Who Helped Goering Escape The Hangman: The mystery of how Hitler's deputy Hermann Goering committed suicide hours before he was due to hang may finally have been solved. A former Nuremberg guard says he supplied the Nazi war criminal with the cyanide pill he took to kill himself...more

Hermann Göring
Hermann Goering - Who Helped Goering Escape The Hangman

Adolf Hitler >> Heinrich Himmler >> Josef Goebbels >> Triumph of the Will >> Triumph of the Will 2 Dvd >> Leni Riefenstahl >> Rudolf Hess >> Martin Bormann >> Herman Goering >> Who Helped Hermann Goering Escape The Hangman? >> Josef Mengele >> Adolf Eichman >> Irma Grese

Kristallnacht >> The Final Solution >> Auschwitz >> Nuremberg Party Rallies

Daily Mail - 2nd May 1945 >> Daily Mail - 3rd May 1945 >> Daily Mail - VE Day - It's All Over >> Scans added of the best books of Germany during the war and after incl. definitive guide on The Nuremberg Rallies - Smartphone Page >> Best 2nd World War Book Scans Added >> British War Dvds

Advertise >> 2nd World War Dvds & Books available @ amazon.com

Top of Page >> Search Site

Releases & Links

Josef Mengele At A Glance here. On The Run here.

Buy Josef Mengele Books


Enlarge Image

Website design/enquiries: Lenin