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        1912 Disaster
        T E X T

        Source: Front page of the New York Times, April 16, 1912 is below. For me what is interesting about the front page is the headline which reads that J. Bruce Ismay (managing director of the White Star Line survived - proof that even so soon after the event the media were formenting their idea of the 'cowardly' status that has stayed with him for nearly 100 years...more.

        8th April 2012: Added details & more scans than anywhere in the universe on the book The Legend of the Unsinkable Ship (Centenary Edition). The 12 removable facimiles of rare Titanic documents which are found in various pockets in the book are a joy to hold. Haven't seen a book with memorabilia like it. See and believe it!


        Why is it human nature that after every tragedy we seem to need one person to represent all things evil? In light of the facts and what Ismay actually did I really do think this is so unfair and really needs to be addressed. Who in his postion would not have done the same and how many of us would have done as much as he did to save lives? Anyway, I have been to his grave at Putney Vale Cemetery and will add photos of it shortly.




        Col. Astor and Bride, Isidor Straus and Wife, and Maj. Butt Aboard




        Women and Children Put Over in Lifeboats and Are Supposed to be Safe on Carpathia




        Vincent Astor Calla at White Star Office for News of His Father and Leaves Weeping




        Manager of the Line Insisted Titanic Was Unsinkable Even After She Had Gone Down




        J. Bruce Ismay Making First Trip on Gigantic Ship That Was to Surpass All Others


        The admission that the Titanic, the biggest steamship in the world, had been sunk by an iceberg and had gone to the bottom of the Atlantic, probaly carrying more than 1,400 of her passengers and crew with her, was made at the White Star offices, 9 Broadway, at 8:20 last night. Then P.A.S. Franklin, Vice President and General Manager of the International Mercantile Marine, conceded that probaly only those passengers who were picked up by the Cunarder Carpathia had been saved. Advices received early this morning tended to increase the number of survivors by 200.

        The admission followed a day in which the White Star Line officials had been optimistic in the extreme. t no time was the admission made that every one aboard the huge steamer was not safe. The ship itself, it was confidently asserted, was unsinkable, and inquirers were informed that she would reach port, under her own steam probaly, but surely with the help of the liner Virginina, which was reported to be towing her.

        As the day passed, however, with no new authentic reports from the Titanic of any of the ships which were known to hae responded to her wireless call for help, it became apparent that authentic news of the disaster probaly could come only from the Titanic's sister ship, the Olympic. The wireless range of the Olympic is 500 miles. That of the Carpathia, the Parisien, and the Virginian is much less, and as they neared the position of the Titanic they drew further and further out of shore range. From the Titanic's position at the time of the disaster it is doubtful if any of the ships except the Olympic could establish communication with shore.

        SUNK AT
        2:20 A.M. MONDAY

        Checking for News of the Titanic Disaster

        In the White Star offices the hope was held out all day that the Parisien and the Virginian had taken off some of the Titanic's passengers, and efforts were made to get into communication with these liners. Until such communication was established the White Star officials refused to recognize the possibility that there were none of the Titanic's passengers aboard them.

        But by nightfall came the message from Capt. Haddock of the Olympic to Cape Race, Newfoundland, telling of the foundering of the Titanic and of the rescue of 635 of her passengers by the Cunarder Carpathia, which, the wireless message said, reached the position of the Titanic at daybreak. All they found there, however, was lifeboats and wreckage. The biggest ship in the world had sunk at 2:20 o'clock yesterday morning.

        Mr. Franklin admitted late last night that the Parisian and the Virginian, though they were among the first to answer the Titanic's calls for help, could not have reached the scene before 10 o'clock yesterday morning, seven and a half hours after Titanic pitched downwards out of sight. The Carpathia, so the wireless dispatch from Capt. Haddock to Cape Race announced, reached the scene of the Titanic's foundering at daybreak, several hours before the expected arrival of the Virginian and the Parisian.

        1,465 Lives Lost First Report.

        It is unbelievable, so White Star Line officials were compelled to concede finally, that the Carpathia should have failed to pick up every lifeboat which still floated on the waves. If they failed to pick up more than 655 passengers, it was because the others of the ship's complement had gone with her to the bottom.

          Eyewitness: Mrs Daniel Warner Marvin of New York was on her honeymoon. Her new husband was lost in the disaster. 'As I was put into the boat, he cried to me, "It's all right, little girl. You go. I will stay." As our boat shoved off he threw me a kiss, and that was the last I saw of him.'
          Source: The Titanic : The Extraordinary Story of the "Unsinkable" Ship

        But it was not until nearly nightfall that the extent of the disaster was realized. Before that the reassuring nature of the bulletins issued by the White Star Line was sufficient to quiet the fears of those who had relative or friends aboard the unfortunate ship and to prevent widespread belief in a serious disaster.

        Capt. Haddock's message from the Olympic strongly indicated that none but the 655 taken from life boats by the Carpathia had been saved. This message was relayed immediately to the White Star offices, but Mr. Franklin positively declined to make the text of the message public. He offered still the hope that passengers were aboard the Parisian and the Virginian, and even when the admission was wrung from him that there seemed little hope of the saving of any others than the 655 aboard the Carpathia, he clung to the hope that in some unexplained way there were other passengers aboard the two Allan liners.

        First Reported Titanic in Tow.

        Throughout the day there had been reassurances that the Titanic was being towed to port by the Virginian, and when Capt. Haddock's message proved this to be untrue only the admission was made at the White Star offices that the Titanic had sunk. Mr. Franklin said that Capt. Haddock's message was brief and "neglected to say that all the crew had been saved". But the inference was not that all the passengers had been saved. Rather it was that many of them had died, and presently Mr. Franklin admitted the fear that there had been a terrible loss of life on the Titanic.

        This version of Capt. Haddock's wireless had been given at the White Star offices:

        Capt. Haddock of the Olympic sends a wireless message to the White Star offices here that the steamer Titanic sank at 2:20 A. M.; after all the passengers and crew had been lowered to life boats and transferred to the Virginian. The steamship Carpathia, with several hundred passengers of the Titanic, is now en route to New York.

        At 9 o'clock, however, he modified this statement, declaring:

        As far as we know the situation, there have been rumors from Halifax that three steamers were at the scene of Titanic's sinking, namely, the Virginian, the Parisian, and the Carpathia. We have heard from Capt. Haddock of the Olympic, who says that the Titanic sank at 2:20 this morning. Haddock also informs us that the Carpathia has 675 survivors on board. It is very difficult to say whether the Virginian and the Parisian have any survivors on board until we can get a report from those vessels.

        LOSS OF LIFE

        Lifeboats in the Freezing Choppy Waters Frantically Row Away from the Doomed Wreck of the Titanic

        We have asked for that report from Capt. Haddock, and we are expecting a reply at any time. The Carpathia is proceeding to New York direct. We very much fear that there has been serious loss of life, but it is impossible for us to say definitely concerning this sad part of the situation until we are able to reassure ourselves whether or not any of the Titanic's passengers are aboard the Allan liners.

        We are hopeful that the rumors which have reached us by telegraph from Halifax that there are passengers aboard the Virginian and the Parisian will prove to be true, and that these vessels will turn up with some of the passengers. It is the loss of life that makes this thing so awful. We can replace the money loss, but not the lives of those who went down.

        Another version of the message from the Olympic was current last night and included the sentence: "Loss likely total 1,800 souls". This sentence was not in the message received by THE TIMES from Cape Race nor in that sent to the White Star line offices.

        First News of the Disaster.

        The first news of the disaster to the Titanic was received by the Marconi wireless station here at 10:25 o'clock last night [as told in yesterday's New York Times.] The Titanic was first heard giving the distress signal "C. Q. D.," which was answered by a number of ships, including the Carpathia.

          Number Aboard.
          First Cabin ... 325
          Second Cabin ... 285
          Steerage ... 710
          Crew, (estimated) ... 800
          Total 2,120

        Titanic Disaster by Eye Witness KARL H BEHR, 1906S, INTERVIEWED

        . . . All was in total darkness as the lights had gone out directly following the crash and there were no searchlights to facilitate in the work. At last, when we were safely launched on the choppy sea, we pulled away a short distance and waited in deadly silence until at half-past two the Titanic settled at the bow and took her final plunge.The sight was too horrible for description as the men on board rushed towards the stern only to be engulfed and pulled down by the suction. YDN 19 april 1912


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